Making Silage for Livestock


What is Silage?
Silage is preserved pasture!

It is an important way farmers use to feed cows, goats and sheep during periods when pasture isn’t good, such as dry seasons.

* Silage assists farmers store forage (pasture) for upto 2yrs while maintaining their full nutrients.
– Forage here includes Grasses, sorghum, millet, barley or maize stalks.

How to make Silage.

Grasses are cut and fermented to keep as much of the nutrients (such as sugars and
proteins) as possible. The
fermentation is carried out by
microscopic organisms living in the grass. The process must be carried out under acidic conditions (around pH 4-5) so as to keep nutrients and provide a form of food that cows, goats and sheep will like to eat.

Silage can be made
1) In plastic tubes
2) In trenches
3) On the ground

Forage should be picked when it’s most nutritious, just as you would choose the sweetest fruit for juice making.

Step 1:
Chop forage to 1″(inch) lengths, spreading 50kgs in a thin layer over a polythene(plastic) sheet/floor

Step 2:
Dilute 1 litre molasses with 3 litres of water. 
(Molasses is a by-product of sugar cane or sugar beet production into sugar that’s robust in flavor full of sugars nutrients & trace minerals after extraction of ‘refined sugars’)

Step 3:
Sprinkle the diluted molasses onto the chopped forage as evenly as possible and mix repeatedly to ensure an even spread.

Step 4:
Tie one end of a 2.5metre long plastic tube (available near khoja Nairobi at about 250bob a metre).
Place the 50kg of forage mixed with molasses into plastic bags and compact. 
*Molasses can be accessed locally from
Tel: +254 20 2585681
Email: (

Step 5:
Repeat steps 1-3 twice each time compacting thoroughly after adding the forage into the plastic bag.

Step 6:
Tie the top of the bag tightly ensuring as little air as possible remains above the  forage /molasses. mixture.

Step 7:
Store. away from. direct sunlight. or rain (NB: This Silage is ready after 6-8 weeks and can stay upto 2years as long as tube is not opened to let in air)

Making Molasses

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Text & Images
©Muoki Kioko 2009-2015email:
All rights reserved.

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    • Patrick
    • January 24th, 2017

    Thanks,its a useful information


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