Archive for the ‘ insects of kilome ’ Category

Bee products that can be done in kilome

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1. Bee keeping Manual:
http://teca.fao.org/sites/default/files/resources/Advance%20beekeeping%20manual%20Pam%20Gregory.pdf

2. HoneyBees Deceases and pests: practicle guide
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/012/a0849e/a0849e00.pdf

3. BEE VALUE ADDITION
CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION
1.1 What are value added products from beekeeping?
1.2 The purpose of this bulletin
1.3 How to use this bulletin
CHAPTER 2 HONEY
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Physical characteristics of honey
2.3 The composition of honey
2.4 The physiological effects of
honey
2.4.1 Unconfirmed circumstantial evidence
2.4.2 Scientific evidence
2.5 The uses of honey today
2.5.1 As a food
2.5.2 As a food ingredient
2.5.3 As an ingredient in medicine-like products
2.5.4 Products of honey
fermentation
2.5.5 Others
2.6 Honey harvesting and
processing
2.6.1 Colony management
2.6.2 Unifloral honeys
2.6.3 Contamination during
production
2.6.4 Contamination during
harvesting
2.6.5 Cleanliness
2.6.6 Processing
2.6.7 Purification
2.6.8 Moisture content
2.6.9 Prevention of fermentation
2.6.10 Heating
2.6.11 Packaging
2.7 Storage
2.8 Quality control
2.9 Caution
2.10 Market outlook
2.11 Honey from other bees
2.12 Recipes
2.12.1 Liquid honey
2.12.2 Creamed honey
2.12.3 Comb honey
2.12.4 Mead
2.12.5 Honey beer
2.12.6 Honey liqueurs
2.12.7 Honey spreads
2.12.8 Honey with fruits and nuts
2.12.9 Honey with pollen and
propolis
2.12.10 Honey paste for dressing
wounds
2.12.11 Sugar substitution
2.12.12 Fruit marmalade
2.12.13 Honey jelly
2.12.14 Syrups
2.12.15 Rose honey
2.12.16 Caramels
2.12.17 Nougat and torrone
2.12.18 Honey gums
2.12.19 Gingerbread
2.12.20 Marzipan
2.12.21 Honey in bakery products
CHAPTER 3 – POLLEN
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Physical characteristics of
pollen
3.3 The composition of pollen
3.4 The physiological effects of
pollen
3.4.1 Unconfirmed circumstantial evidence
3.4.2 Scientific evidence
3.5 The uses of pollen today
3.5.1 As medicine
3.5.2 As food
3.5.3 In cosmetics
3.5.4 For pollination
3.5.5 For pollution monitoring
3.6 Pollen collection
3.7 Pollen buying
3.8 Storage
3.9 Quality control
3.10 Caution
3.11 Market outlook
3.12 Recipes
3.12.1 Pollen extract
3.12.2 Beebread (after Dany,1988)
3.12.3 Honev with pollen
3.12.4 Granola or breakfast cereals
3.12.5 Candy bars
3.12.6 Pollen supplements and
substitutes in beekeeping
3.12.7 Cosmetics
3.12.8 Pills and capsules
CHAPTER 4 – WAX
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Physical characteristics of bees wax
4.3The composition of beeswax
4.4 The physiological effects of wax
4.5 The uses of wax today
4.5.1 In beekeeping
4.5.2 For candle making
4.5.3 For metal castings and
modelling
4.5.4 In cosmetics
4.5.5 Food processing
4.5.6 Industrial technology
4.5.7 Textiles
4.5.8 Varnishes and polishes
4.5.9 Printing
4.5.10 Medicine
4.5.11 Others
4.6 Wax collection and processing
4.7 Buying
4.8 Storage
4.9 Quality control
4.10 Market outlook
4.11 Recipes
4.11.1 Bleached wax
4.11.2 Candle makin2
4.11.3 Cosmetics
4.11.4 Grafting wax for horticulture
4.11.5 Polishes and varnishes
4.11.6 Cravons
4.11.7 Leather preserves
4.11.8 Waterproofing textiles and paper
4.11.9 Paint
4.11.10 Wood preservative
4.11.11 Swarm lure
4.11.12 Topical ointment for burns
4.11.13 Veterinary wound cream
4.11.14 Adhesive
4.11.15 Determination of
saponification cloud point
(1uoted from ITCg 1978)
CHAPTER 5 – PROPOLIS
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Physical characteristics of
propolis
5.3 The composition of propolis
5.4 The physiological effects of
propolis 1
5.4.1 Unconfirmed circumstantial evidence
5.4.2 Scientific evidence
5.5 The uses of propolis today
5.5.1 In cosmetics
5.5.2 In medicine
5.5.3 Traditional use
5.5.4 Food technology
5.5.5 Others
5.6 Formulations and application
methods for human and animal use
5.6.1 Raw
5.6.2 Liquid extracts
5.6.3 Additives
5.6.4 Injection
5.7 Extraction methods
5.8 Collection
5.9 Buying
5.10 Storage
5.11 Quality control
5.12 Market outlook
5.13 Caution
5.14 Patents including propolis
5.15 Information sources
5.16 Recipes
5.16.1 Ointments
5.16.2 Oral and nasal spravs
5.16.3 Suntan lotions
5.16.4 Propolis syrups or honeys
5.16.5 Propolis tablets
5.16.6 Propolis shampoo
5.16.7 Anti-dandruff lotion
5.16.8 Propolis toothpaste
5.16.9 Anaesthetic propolis paste
5.16.10 Creams
5.16.11 Facial masks
5.16.12 Micro-encapsulation
5.16.13 Ouality tests for antioxidant activity
CHAPTER 6 – ROYAL JELLY
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Physical characteristics of royal jelly
6.3 The composition of royal jelly
6.4 The phsiological effects of royal jelly
6.4.1 On honeybees
6.4.2 Unconfirmed circumstantial evidence
6.4.3 Scientific evidence
6.5 Uses and marketing of royal
jelly
6.5.1 Dietary supplement
6.5.2 As ingredient in food
products
6.5.3 As ingredient in medicine-like products
6.5.4 Ingredient in cosmetics
6.5.5 Others
6.6 Royal jelly collection
6.7 Storage
6.8 Quality control
6.9 Caution
6.10 Market outlook
6.11 Recipes
6.11.1 Freeze-dried (lyouhilised)
royal iellvy
6.11.2 Honey with royal jelly
6.11.3 Yoghurt with royal lelly
6.11.4 Jellies and soft caramels
6.11.5 Liquid preparations
6.11.6 Dried juice concentrate
6.11.7 Tablets
6.11.8 Capsules
6.11.9 Cosmetics
CHAPTER 7 VENOM
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Physical characteristics of
venom
7.3 The composition of venom
7.4 The physiological effects of
venom
7.4.1 Unconfirmed circumstantial evidence
7.4.2 Scientific evidence
7.5 The use of venom today
7.6 Venom collection
7.7 Venom products
7.8 Buying
7.9 Storage
7.10 Quality control
7.11 Caution
7.12 Market outlook
7.13 Recipes
CHAPTER 8 – ADULT AND LARVAL
HONEYBEES
8.1 Introduction
8.2 The chemical composition of
adult and larval honeybees
8.3 The uses of adult bees and
larvae
8.3.1 For beekeeping
8.3.2 For pollination
8.3.3 As food
8.3.4 As medicine
8.3.5 In cosmetics
8.4 Collection
8.4.1 Adult bees
8.4.2 Honeybee larvae
8.5 Buying
8.6 Storage
8.7 Quality control
8.8 Caution
8.9 Market outlook
8.10 Recipes
8.10.1 Preparation of mature and immature bees for human
consumption
8.10.2 Bakutig traditional recipe
from Nepal (Bur2ettg 1990)
8.10.3 Frozen larvaeg pupae or
adults
8.10.4 Rawg fried and boiled larvae
8.10.5 Dried larvae and adults
8.10.6 Basic general recipes
8.10.7 Bee mango chutney
8.10.8 Bee chapattis
8.10.9 Pastry
8.10.10 Popmoth
8.10.11 Bee sweets and chocolate coated bees
8.10.12 How to raise and harvest
wax moth larvae
CHAPTER 9a COSMETICS
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Description of product types
9.2.1 Lotions
9.2.2 Ointments
9.2.3 Creams
9.2.4 Shampoos
9.2.5 Soaps
9.2.6 Toothpastes and mouth rinses
9.2.7 Deodorants
9.2.8 Facial masks
9.2.9 Make-up
9.2.10 Lipsticks
9.2.11 Perfumes
9.3 The sources of ingredients
9.3.1 Local
9.3.2 Imported
9.4 Technical requirements
9.4.1 Raw materials
9.4.2 Equipment
9.4.3 Emulsions
9.4.4 Mixing
9.4.5 Colouring
9.5 Advantages and applications of primary bee products in cosmetics
9.6 Buying
9.7 Storage
9.8 Quality control
9.9 Packaging and presentation
9.10 Marketing
9.11 Caution
9.12 Market outlook
CHAPTER 9b COSMETICS
9.13 Recipes
9.13.1 Lotions
9.13.2 Ointments
9.13.3 Creams
9.13.4 Sun protection
9.13.5 Shampoos
9.13.6 Solid soaps
9.13.7 Liquid soaps
9.13.8 Toothpaste and mouth rinses
9.13.9 Deodorants
9.13.10 Face packs Honey face pack
9.13.11 Make-up
9. 13.12 Lipsticks and glosses
9.13.13 Depilatory waxes
9.13 14 Shaving preparations
ANNEXES
BIBLIOGRAPHY
LIST OF ADDRESSES
WEIGHT AND VOLUME
CONVERSIONS
CODEX ALIMENTARIUS
CODEX STANDARD FOR HONEY

NOTE:
Industrial activity & pollution sources like high vehicle traffic nearby affects bee product quality leading to much lower prices in markets!

*bonus
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN BEES SUE MAN FOR BEING USED??

*making beehives & other be processing equipment manuals for fundis :http://www.beesource.com/build-it-yourself/

Text & Images
©Muoki Kioko 2009-2014
email: muokikioko@gmail.com
All rights reserved.

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Fun in kilome

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River walks

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Relaxation sites

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Nature

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Sampling local foods

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and culture

Text & Images
©Muoki Kioko 2009-2014
email: muokikioko@gmail.com
All rights reserved.

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Watching spiders Hunt in Kilome

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There’s this affinity between nature & water. It’s got a way of attracting just as light does. So I realised that as water collected and it warmed up ALL landing areas around the water were quickly covered with spider webbings, and sooner or later something will seek a landing place other than on the water surface.

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It didn’t take long and as soon as this fly started spinning the web while trying to free itself – this spider quickly moved in injecting a bite.

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Then quickly went over its victim setting more web over its upper body from a duct under its abdomen

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Then it moved away as it watched the fly entangle its weakened body into a white mass.

Text & Images
©Muoki Kioko 2009-2014
email: muokikioko@gmail.com
All rights reserved.

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The Great Africa Migration in Kilome

Like the famous wildebeeste migration in mara they huddle together in the thousands as they prepare to transverse new type of terrain

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I had watched them previously migrating ‘day & night’ literally millions daily. Every morning expecting to find the migration through, but ‘No’ a week down, then the second and onto the third, never on one day reducing in volumes.
They move both over land and through underground tunnels with some choosing to skip the tunnels sometimes creating patterns

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that resemble cave drawings of animals.
Their herds constitute both large ants and smaller sized ones

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carrying their colony to new grounds. Their migration is altitudenal meaning at different times of the year they either gain altitude or move to lower ground, this instance involved going up a Cliff face ‘that’s sometimes vertical’ ie gaining altitude

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which meant at times they had to go over terrain that leaned back and by the time they circumvent that section not everyone was with the rest

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Me too!! as i frantically sought to clean up those that landed on me.
Welcome to the world of ‘Siafu’ or ‘safari ants’ otherwise referred to as ‘Traveler ants’ in the science word, and unlike other migrants that get predated on during their migration these are

Text & Images
©Muoki Kioko 2009-2014
email: muokikioko@gmail.com
All rights reserved.

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Beauty unfolds at the door step

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Exactly 16 days ago i opened my front door to find something like a caterpillar hanging/suspended on an attachment at the center of the top part of my door frame.
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After a few minutes of observation I noted that the “caterpillar” was getting shorter n fatter on one end

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Every morning over the next 16 days I kept checking, no change!

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That was until today morning when this small mass looked unusually brown

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..and after a few minutes of observation I took a 15minute break, and something told me to look up

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Now my attention fully focused,  I watched it all unwrap!

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(-its said to expand these crampled wings by pumping blood into the wing veins. Important is that this takes place fairly rapidly before wings harden or they’ll be permanently deformed!)

..then

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..it then released some liquid
(Scientists refer to it as meconium-it contains waste from pupa stage)

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..and finally it just hang there afraid to flap or let go of it’s secure Sheild of the last 2weeks.
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*This looks like a member of swallow tail family -first time I’ve observed/seen any in kilome in 5years!
Anyone with a more specific ID please feel free to comment.
– To learn more about kilome butterfly season and how to guide and watch butterflies there’s a download book here

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This is all that’s left as a reminder of this beautiful Natures process.
Should butterfly watching be introduced in our schools?

Copyright Reserved
All images and Text
Muokisphotography@yahoo.com
2009 – 2014
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Strange creature in Kilome

Over the past 4 years I’ve covered & discovered a lot in this “African backyard” just 100kms south of Nairobi and its Airport. However non of that prepared me for this

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Sited in water (muddy) was this creature almost invisible! Were it not for something nudging me to keep looking that I saw tiny movement, and as I got closer ooh, a jet of water shot at me from the anus

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It then nudged itself to almost invisibility in the shallow pool.
1/2 hour later with persistance and patience was an even bigger surprise 🙂 travelar ants aka siafu. But instead of seeking safety like everything else (me included) it takes a leap and bites off a piece

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What is this?

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I observed them for 3 months without change in body shape or size.

Copyright Reserved
All images and Text
Muokisphotography@yahoo.com
2009 – 2014

8 eyed spider with a special back-pack

For unknown reason this spider turned up on my path and for even a stranger reason something told me to pick my camera.

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This spider with 4 sets of eyes had an abdomen that looked grey/white rough skinned with rounded spikes, my thought then was ‘unusual’.
So to quench the nurge to picture it I quickly got the camera and did a macro. As usual I review the image taken for sharpness before putting away the camera! But alas, as I checked for sharpness I realized what looked like spikes ALL had legs. So I went back to do a ‘micro’

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The white covering the entire abdomen was young spiders! Has anyone ever noted this behavior with any spider before or this species? ID of this species beyond it’s being an eight eyed spider is also welcome.

Text & Images
©Muoki Kioko 2009-2013
For permissions to use images email: muokisphotography@yahoo.com

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