Archive for the ‘ science ’ Category

Died, went to Heaven & Returned!!

Just had an encounter with this “buddy” on his back. please don’t laugh coz this is serious stuff!!

Just checked in the loos (external toilets) to loose some weight for the evening! well someone else thought otherwise – as i began loosing weight this giant moth checks in to keep me company and decides to play summers within the 6 walls of the room. Just then messages start checkin in on my phone and i forget the moth.

Suddenly – doof!! then somthing soft pointed hits my lower leg – again and again at different angles. Now thats not a moth!. Look down with the low light of phones screen and this mAaSive Foot long (body) rat is in the small room with me. Now starts the drama….

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Ghost Mantis of Kilome

dead leaf mantis of kilome

ghost mantis of kilome ©muoki kioko2016

dead leaf mantis of kilome2

ghost mantis profile © muoki kioko2017

Livestock Feeds

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Grasses of kilome © muoki kioko 2016

PASTURE
Brachiaria brizantha (Signal grass)
Brachiaria decumbens
Brachiaria milliformis
Brachiaria mutica (Para grass, Water grass)
Brachiaria ruziziensis (Ruzi grass)
Cenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)
Cynodon species
Dactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)
Digitaria decubens (Pangola grass)
Panicum maximum (Guinea grass)
Panicum maximum (Hamil grass)
Paspalum plicatulum
Urvillei
Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuya grass)
Setaria sphacelata
Tripsacum laxum (Gautamala grass) etc.

LEGUMES
Centrosema pubescens
Desmodium intortum (Green leaf desmodium)
Desmodium uncinatum (Silver leaf desmodium)
Dolichos axillaris
Dolichos lab lab (lab lab bean)
Gliricidia maculata
Glicine javanica
Glicine wightii
Leucaena leucocephala (ipil-ipil)
Phaseolus atropurpureous(Siratro)
Pueraria phaseo-loides (Tropical Kudzu)
Stylosanthes guyanensis (Cook stylo)
Stylosanthes hamata
Stylosanthes humilis (Townsville lucerne)
Styzolobium atterimum (Velvet bean)
Trifolium pratense (Red clover)
Trifolium repens (White clover)
Trifolium rupellianum (African clover)
Trifolium semipilosum (Kenya white clover).

FODDERS
Some of the varieties listed under pastures and
legumes can also be used as fodders, e.g.
Brachiaria ruziziensis
Panicum varieties
Paspulum varieties
Glyricidia
Leucaena etc.
Some varieties that are used mainly as fodders are:
Pennisetum purpureum (Napier grass or Elephant grass) and its newly developed hybrids such as:
“NB 21” or “Poosa Giant Napier”
Fodder maize varieties
Newly developed hybrids
Fodder sorghum varieties
Newly developed hybrids etc.

adapted from Food & Agriculture organization (FAO)

photos and text
©muoki kioko
2009-2016
email:muokikioko@gmail.com

Watching Sirius (the skies brightest star) from kilome

Kilome is just south of the Equator in Africa, and having no bright human lights around it makes ‘star gazing’ and star photography superb!
It’s end of march and the moon is overhead early morning

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Moon @ 8am today 29/03/2016 ©muokikioko2016

This was taken today just after 8am and the crater’s on the moon were pretty clear!
However just after sunset by 7pm stars are very clearly visible, and when you look directly overhead at that early hour you will see a set of ‘3’ stars (same size and brightness) running in a straight line: follow the line leftwards/southwards while approximating 8× the 3stars – you shall notice an unmisable bright star to the naked eye. That star is called ‘Sirius’
Sirius is the worlds brightest star

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Sirius as seen from kilome ©muokikioko2016

Here you can see it with 3 other stars, the lowest just fading off.

mythology about name:
Mythology or The early stargazers might have imagined that Sirius and the sun caused the hot weather, or dog days.
Sirius has been known since ancient times, and its name signified its nature as “scorching” or “sparkling.” It was associated with the Egyptian god Osiris and other gods. Ancient Egyptians noted that Sirius rose just before the sun each year immediately prior to the annual flooding of the Nile River. Although the floods could bring destruction, they also brought new soil and new life. Fittingly, Osiris, whom Sirius may have represented, was a god of life, death, fertility and rebirth of plant life along the Nile.

Science:
The only things that outshine Sirius in the skies are the sun, moon, planets Venus, Jupiter, and at times mercury and mars.
At about 8.6 light years away from earth (a light year is 6million miles), It’s said to have a surface area about double that of the sun and a surface temperature of about 9400°c verses the suns 5500°c.

An interesting observation from here Kilome was that as I reduced the amount of light captured to hopefully capture more details like those on the Moon above i noted

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the smaller stars turned red in colour and eventually ‘Sirius’ too had an orange red glow to it.

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Sirius with red glow ©muokikioko2016


Above is Sirius, and below are
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Star details of smaller stars ©muokikioko2016


details around the lower two (2) stars

photos and text
©muoki kioko
2009-2016
email:muokikioko@gmail.com

The moon today from Kilome

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Moon from kilome ©muoki kioko 2016

The moon as viewed today from Kilome left more questions than answers.
– There seemed to be a pivotal point at slightly above ‘East’ that has lines running down around the moon, more like a basketball marking. Is there a north/southern pole on the moon!??
– When you draw a line at centre of image from top to bottom, there seems to be a concentration of white spots especially on top half!! What are those white sports (natural or human activity)!??
– Crater s on the Moon can be clearly seen on eastern edges.
– There’s a dark shape visible even with naked eye that’s not made of craters that takes shape of antelope head/giraffe.  Why this dark shape!?

photos and text
©muoki kioko
2009-2016
email:muokikioko@gmail.com

Portraits of Kilome’s Primates

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..from the curious from a distance

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Attacked © muoki kioko 2016

..to the attacked

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Low ©muoki Kioko 2016

Feeling low

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The supervisor

to ‘the supervisor’

photos and text
©muoki kioko
2009-2016
email:muokikioko@gmail.com

Cowpea weevil/Beetle

It’s harvest time for legumes, beans, peas, cowpeas, green grams and the like. To store them, they are 1st dried.
How ever, one small “dudu/insect” awaits the dry legume

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cowpea weevil, Callosobruchus maculatus close up ©muokikioko2016

The cowpea weevil, (Callosobruchus maculatus). Purpose is to replicate using the pea/bean dry seed as food for it’s young.
Females lay 100’s of eggs

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cowpea weevil eggs ©muokikioko 2016

that hatch in 8 days or less on the surface, which then burrow into the legume emerging
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3-7 weeks later

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by breaking the thin membrane on surface of bean, leaving holes around the legume.
An agricultural pest to many small scale farmers

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It is sometimes controlled by application of crushed dry coffee weed/stinking weed leaves.

*HD video on the same available

photos and text
©muoki kioko
2009-2016
email:muokikioko@gmail.com

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