Posts Tagged ‘ cassava ’

Cassava Industrial products (part 4)

On asking locals if they’ve ever failed to harvest cassava even in the driest year, the answer is Never.

image

Cassava, a tuber that does well in semi arid regions like kilome without much input. The industrial process is largely manual making it easier to run in rural setups while greatly increasing shelf life & usability of products.

TUBERS

1. Skin – Cyanide is extracted which is used as industrial chemical (Main ingredient for Gold ore purification process), also used in photography industry and for fumigation. Highly Toxic and every country has regulations governing handling of same.

2. Tuber Flesh
a) Wet:
– Eaten as high fibre food raw/cooked while fresh
– pounded to produce starch for clothing and Food industry (eg royco & Maggie cubes)
– by hydrolysis starch can be turned to glucose syrups, dextrose, monohydrates and vitamin c for sweets, biscuit & candy industries.
– Glucose fermented will produce Ethyl Alcohol, acetone, butanol & high fructose syrup.

b) Dry:
To dry, peel tuber when fresh. Sock and wash, then slice up for sun drying [mainly manual ie labour intensive though machinery is now available for slicing and drying].
When dry crushed to powder & used as flour for cooking and baking.
Minced and dried

image

it’s used as a fibre additive in foods and also for making snacks with extended shelf life.
Compressed to pellets its used/sold as chicken & goat feed. It can still be pounded to powder later.

3. STEMS
– Cut into 1foot pcs  as seedlings for planting
– Stems & leaves pounded in hammer mill for protein extraction & waste fibre used for combustion as steam and power. Waste liquid fermented for methane, while its end produce is used as manure.

4. LEAVES
Used as vegetables

image

..as well as animal fodder.

image

*(Can also be dried & packaged)

Copyright Reserved
All images and Text
Muokikioko@gmail.com
2009 – 2014
*Subscribe at the bottom of this page to receive email notifications of new articles

Cassava Value Addition [Final part]

image

Highly productive under marginal climates and soil conditions like most semi arid regions of Kenya like Kilome in Makueni county resulting in low costs of production.
This last section of cassava value addition takes a broader part by part view of the crops value addition and possible simple ways to get it to those stages in rural/”under developed” areas

*It’s important to take note that any item you prepare for Humans whether for their direct consumption or for use in their environs ‘You’ take responsibility of their safety as you would when exposing your own child. Every country has it’s guidelines on the same.

image

Every part of cassava has use (both those above ground & those in the soil).

ABOVE GROUND

image

Leaves are edible both by man

image

and as animal feed for goats & chicken.
Stems are dried & chipped to make chip boards for ceilings, table tops, etc

Copyright Reserved
All images and Text
Muokikioko@gmail.com
2009 – 2016
*Subscribe at the bottom of this page to receive email notifications of new articles

Cassava crunchies in Kilome – value addition part3

Orange cassava crunchies
image

image

Cassava ovacado bite

image

Cassava onion bite
image

Cassava tomato crunchy

image

*subscribe below to get notification of cassava industrial processes, how every part of cassava plant is used, machinery (Affordable) & industry products you can make locally in rural kenya

Copyright Reserved
All images and Text
Muokikioko@gmail.com
2009 – 2014
*Subscribe at the bottom of this page to receive email notifications of new articles

Cassava – The Industry (value addition part 2)

Ruut Extra Premium Beer by Deageo (Ghana)- Cassava beer

Ruut Extra Premium Beer by Deageo (Ghana)- Cassava beer

This is an ongoing series on cassava industry. Cassava is a tuber that does well in this part of Kenya without much work. Attached are downloadable(pdf) documents you can read on phone/tablet/computor about the whole Cassava industry from how to Plant, health benefits, cassava products, country Policy, case studies of industry, by products, products movement,plus the perceptions of cassava products. Enjoy and ACT!
[*all downloadable docs are highlighted and blue in colour. Click on each document to save it]
wpid-crisp-chips-uncooked-HDR1_Natural.jpgBENEFITS OF CASSAVA:

A) Cassava for health benefits 
Cassava tubers contain calories, protein, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamin B and C, and starch. The leaves contain vitamins A, B1 and C, calcium, calories, forfor, protein, fat, carbohydrate, and iron. While the bark, contains tannin, peroxidase enzymes, glycosides, and calcium oxalate.
Cassava variety proved to have benefits for our health. Please you consider the benefits below:
1. Cassava good for your low-calorie diet.
Why so? This is because cassava is a food with a lower carbohydrate content than rice and bread, with a high fiber content thus making the stomach feel full for a long time.
2. Cassava good for your digestive health
Cassava is a tuber that contains a lot of insoluble fiber or fiber is not soluble in water.Fibers of this type serves to facilitate the process of defecation, and able to absorb and remove toxins in the intestine, so that your digestive health.
3. Overcoming rheumatism can be done with the use of inner and external use.
In external use, as many as five pieces of cassava leaves, 15 grams of red ginger, and whiting to taste, crushed and water added to taste. After stirring, herbs smeared on the body of the sick.
On the use of, 100 grams of cassava stems, one stem lemon grass, ginger and 15 grams boiled with 1000 cc of water to the remaining 400 cc. Then, filtered and drunk the water as much as 200 cc. Do twice a day.
4. Overcoming headaches, pounded cassava leaves and then used to compress. As drug fever, 60 grams of cassava trees, 30 grams of jali which has been soaked until soft boiled with 800 cc of water until the remaining 400 cc. Potions and drink filtered water as much as 200 cc. Do twice a day.
5. Overcome the wounds fester, fresh cassava stems crushed and then placed on the body of the sick. To scratch, grated cassava then placed on the sick and bandaged.
6. Drugs wounds exposed to hot objects, cassava grated and squeezed. The water was allowed to stand until starch settles a few moments, then starch is applied on the wound.
7. Addressing diarrhea, seven pieces of cassava leaves boiled with 800 cc of water until the remaining 400 cc. Then filtered and drunk the water as much as 200 cc. Do twice a day.
8. Deworming drugs, 60 grams of cassava bark and 30 grams of leaves ketepeng chinese boiled with 600 cc of water until the remaining 300 cc. Then filtered and drunk the water before bed. Overcoming beri-beri, 200 grams of cassava leaves eaten as a salad.
9. To improve stamina, 100 grams of cassava, 25 grams kencur, and five grains angco (red dates, buy at the drug store / food china) that have been seeded, blended with enough water added. Then add honey and drink.
10. Prevent cancer and prevent tumor rationalization, B17 content in leaves and tubers singkon stimulate red blood cell hemoglobin. Generally, human disease caused by a lack of red blood cell count. It should be noted, in some ethnic groups who are accustomed to eating cassava, cancer cases are rare.
11. Preventing blindness cassava leaves are rich in compounds bakarotennya. Such pro-vitamin A and beta-carotene are antioxidants. So it can help the health of the eye and may also prevent interference with the eye or blindness. (*adopted from http://benefits-of-cassava.weebly.com/)

 

B) DRAFT POLICY ON CASSAVA IN KENYA

Kenya Draft cassava policy.pdf

 

C) MARKETING OPPORTUNITIES FOR CASSAVA BASED PRODUCTS IN KENYA

Cassava consumption, utilization, production, …

1) – COOKED FRESH ROOTS

-CASSAVA FLOURS

-GRANULATED CASSAVA
– COOKED GRANULES
-FERMENTED PASTES
-SEDIMENTED STARCHES
-DRINKS WITH CASSAVA COMPONENTS
-NON-CONVENTIONAL FOOD
2) Starch Market
– Paper
– Textile
– Food/Baking
– Phamaceutical

Cassava Industrial Demand in Kenya.pdf

 

D) CASE STUDY OF CURRENT USE CHAIN EFFICIENCIES & POTENTIAL FOR GROWTH

Here theres great potential for Jua Kali in mechanizing the chipping process to allow drying of tuber to enable growth of animal feeds powder and Alternatives to Maize flour, baking industry flour, raw products for Beer making replacing Malt as cheaper raw material for beers, starch making..etc

Also potential exists for machinery making for processing of cassava leaves for vegetables & animal feed

Processing Cassava into chips a study.pdf

 

E) ILLUSTRATED GUIDE TO GROWING

– Selecting varieties

– Selecting stems

– How to Grow

_ Harvesting

cassava illustrated guide book.pdf

 

F) CASSAVA WORLD MARKETs Surveys

Food Markets Global food outlook 2014.pdf

Visual perceptions of cassava products 2013/14.pdf

commercial systems 2014.pdf

Cassava International Profile of Markets.pdf

 

G) HOW TO MAKE BEERS FROM CASSAVA

– 2013- Brewing Handbook.pdf

Cassava starch as substitute to Barley in Malts.pdf

 

Eating in Kilome – cassava meals

a ‘hot/chillied’ dry Meat & Cassava meal cooked with sweet potato/pumpkin leaves

image

Mukeu, taken with mala (home made not packet)

image

…a local pumpkin and cassava dish

image

Cassava flavoured in vegetables prepared with fresh cow milk that gives it a ghee/cheese scent

image
Cassava mchicha topped with macadamia nuts

Copyright Reserved
All images and Text
Muokisphotography@yahoo.com
2009 – 2014
*Subscribe at the bottom of this page to receive email notifications of new articles

Cassava – value addition in Kilome (part 1)

image

A tuber crop that does very well in Ukambani. I’ve seen 6/7kg tubers in kilome. Normally eaten raw, its quite filling and cheap when compared to breads. There are individuals already turning it to powder(we’ll look at that in part two)
Today we look at Cassava Crisps

image

Made by peeling outer cover then sliced using this slicer

image

(that costs about 80bob in local supermarkets) cutting the cassava into small “thin” slices

image

Which you then dip into hot oil till edges get brown.  You can then drain or dry the fat/oil by placing the cooked crisps on tissue. Salt to taste and even add a drop or two of chilly for that mild sting.
Verdict: superb crunch to be used with tea, soda, juice or any other drink.
Cassava Chips:

image

Tired of chips that dont fill your tummy? Try cassava chips! Cut cassava into rings then slice into chips as above. Dip chips into hot oil till they get light brown edges then remove and salt.

image

A good filling snack!

image

Muokis Tea  Crunchies: made as above, just remember to remove them from oil immediately they start getting light brown outeredges. This is a filler!!!
*adding a drop or two of fresh lime/lemon over these snacks to give them a bonus taste 🙂

Remember to share by clicking on facebook or tweeter buttons below to drop it into your timeline.
*subscribe below to receive part two, plus process of packaging

Copyright Reserved
All images and Text
Muokisphotography@yahoo.com
2009 – 2014
*Subscribe at the bottom of this page to receive email notifications of new articles