Posts Tagged ‘ makueni ’

What I need to set up 800watt Solar for my house..

Kilome ‘COACH of the YEAR’

No single child here has been coerced to join in…you can even see 3year olds finding it very entertaining to participate!!

His passion, dedication and love for children and basketball are legendary…

How to Eat a thorn melons

Thorn melons are dryland fruits about 3 inches in length covered with spikes/thorns

Making it tricky to handle. Normally the surest way to tell that the fruit is ready is by the colour, which goes orange as it ripens. The other way also serves as a means of making it easier to handle

Is by slicing off the thorns and you will get a yellow fluid flowing out from cuts.

Then you can slice the fruit open to consume the green flesh and seeds

Taking a break into Greater Makueni




Ghost Mantis of Kilome

dead leaf mantis of kilome

ghost mantis of kilome ©muoki kioko2016

dead leaf mantis of kilome2

ghost mantis profile © muoki kioko2017


 Crop failure Kilome ©Muoki Kioko 2017

Crop failure Kilome ©Muoki Kioko 2017


Kenya is in a drought situation few have experienced before, with many looking at receiving food Aid. However one young farmer in drought prone Makueni County is having a different conversation – he is busy working out how to expand his farming


The region (kilome) had just come from 6 straight months without a drop of rain, rains came but in a months time No More Rains. People pass by their shambas NOT wanting to look at the dry crops however this young gentleman is busy on his farm

Tomato Farming Kilome ©Muoki Kioko 2017

Drought crop Kilome ©Muoki Kioko 2017

…he say’s

“my grandfather told me of a question his friend asked him:

‘How can water fall over your head, shoulders and onto your feet..then you start chasing after it kilometers away to pick it up after it has washed the ground to use it’?”

Current Harvest Kilome ©Muoki Kioko 2017

He also asks Youth: Do any of you ever do the maths of the work you do?

To those who say it’s expensive; he  started off with the sell of a calf to set up his system of farming (No Bank Loan, No Aid Agencies..).

HIS ADVICE; It’s NOT a competition of who can do it, I’m CONSTANTLY Open to Learning to improve myself – i Do NOT know it ALL!!

*To those willing to learn how he manages to irrigate in such a Hot Dry Area without Rivers – i’m willing to train ANY Youth or Community willing to learn what i’ve learnt farming in Makueni with meagre resources..





Ostrich farming (Part 2)

Ostrich value chain © ostrich business planning

Above is the ostrich value chain and below Ostrich leather product being sold locally

Ostrich leather purse © muoki kioko 2016

Ostrich Processing

Ensure there is a supply of slaughter birds to keep the abattoir commercially viable.   

Processing includes all of the following activities:  – – – – – – –

  • slaughtering birds  
  • deboning the carcass 
  • value adding the meat (portioning, ready meals, hams, bacon etc)  
  • skin tanning  
  • manufacturing leather goods 
  • cleaning and dying feathers  
  • manufacturing feather products

 The ostrich has a unique fat pan that carries other manufacturing opportunities once consistent quantities of a fat are produced

As ostrich is a new industry it is understood that there is a lack of product knowledge from producer level right through the chain and as a result the market is confused with differing information.   

Examples: – – – 

  • Dark and light coloured muscles being accepted as normal and/or age or genetic related, when the cause is nutritional.   
  • Genetic influences on hides have been taken as caused by age at slaughter 
  • Less tender meat cuts being sold as Filet quality  

Gooood Morning!

Wild primates Life Kilome ©muokikioko 2016

World’s second tinniest bat’s – kilome

This is a view from standing position of an adult. The bat is the black spot on left side of image (thats how small it is).

Growing to about 7 grams, this is an adult

..this you can tell by the well developed teeth you see in the above image

See actual life size vs blades of grass /pebbles on ground as found in kilome on first image above.

Thank you Risky for the ID –  as a ‘pipistrielle Bat’ 

Risky is one of Africa’s finest bat Experts

Inside kilome:- Viewing Emali


Emali from Kilome ©muokikioko2016

South viewed from Kilome hills is Emali town. At sunrise or sunset the town is hit by sun rays from the left or right creating shadows and highlights that make unending African landscape possibilities..

*Town is famous for red onion production/trade and also serves as a junction access to nearby Kyulu Mts, Nzambani cliff and  Loitokitok (paved Rd) at the base of Mt. Kilimanjaro which is an entry point to Amboseli game reserve and access border point to neighboring Tanzania.

Don’t you envy residents waking up to this view daily..

photos and text
©muoki kioko

Mauritian Tomb Bats in Kilome


Mauritian Tomb Bat Kilome ©muokikioko'16

Mauritian Tomb Bat (Taphozous
mauritianus) that hangs upside down on surfaces seemingly ever alert and awake during the day suggesting it has a good eyesight.
Avoiding dark areas and instead opting for open spaces that allow it easy take-off, it can now be seen in Kilome.
Thought to exist only below 1000m, it’s resident above 1200m above sea level here.

photos and text
©muoki kioko

Standard Gauge Railway passes through Kilome

What are some characteristics of the new railway?


overpasses at parks & over depressions

What of passenger travel?


Why is it better at carrying containers?


How does ‘Standard gauge railway’ compare to the current ‘metre gauge railway’?


photos and text
©muoki kioko

Nzumbula/’Mukwaju’ (Tamarind)

Tamarind cultivation is nearly comparable with mango cultivation. Tamarind is a drought resistant tree, if grafted seedlings are planted can yield within 5years.
You can plant 7m X 7m distance. In this pattern, u can accommodate 204 plants in an hectare (around 80 plants in an acre)


THE TAMARIND (Tamarindus indica) is a hardy tree well adapted to the semi-arid tropics.
This economically important tree is ideal for farm-forestry in the drought-prone regions. It is popularly referred to as indian dates.
The tamarind tree can serve as an
insurance crop and a “pension crop” for the farmers in the dry belts.
The time for a tamarind tree to reach its first harvest will vary, depending on the method of propagation.
A tree propagated by bud-grafting will come into bearing in 3 to 4 years, whereas trees propagated by seed may take up to 12 years. Practical management and local conditions will also affect the time for trees to bear. A well tended tree, grown from seed, in an open area will come into bearing in about 7years. Regardless of the method of propagation, pod yield should stabilise after 15 years.


The tree has a pod bearing capacity of 50-60 years, but may yield fruit for over 200 years.
Fruit ripeness and yield Pod skin colour does not change rapidly with maturity and individual fruits mature at different times, so harvesting should be carried out
selectively. Mature fruits should have a brown shell, while immature pods have a green skin.
At maturity, the fruits are filled with a sticky brown to reddish-brown pulp and the seeds become hard and glossy.


The pod skin becomes brittle as the pulp shrinks and the shell can be broken easily by hand. The ripe pod produces a hollow sound when tapped with the finger.
The yield of a tamarind tree varies
considerably and is dependent on genetic and environmental factors. Pod yield can also be cyclic, with bumper yields in every third year. A young tree may yield 20-30kg of fruit per tree in a year and a full-grown adult tree can yield about 150-200kg of fruit per tree in a year. An average tamarind tree may yield 100kg of fruit per tree in a year.

photos and text
©muoki kioko

Poultry Diseases & Management


Ten simple rules for disease prevention:
1. Give access to the right feed and clean water, in particular for small chicks;
2. Build shelters against wind and rain;
3. Clean houses regularly and apply lime wash on the floor and the walls;
4. If necessary, provide dry litter regularly;
5. Do not put too many birds together;
6. Different species of poultry, for example hens, turkeys, pigeons, ducks and
guinea fowls should be kept separate;
7. Separate chicks from adult birds except from the mother hen;
8. Vaccinate chicks against the most important diseases and revaccinate if
9. Isolate and treat sick birds – if medication is not available then kill the sick
10. Burn or bury killed birds.

Newcastle Disease
Very common during dry seasons, often seen in young chicks,
but also in adults. High flock mortality, of between 30% and 80% of the birds die,
when the disease hits. Chickens lose appetite and have poor digestion. They
might show heavy breathing, greenish droppings, and sometimes bloody diarrhoea .
They may show nervous symptoms, paralysis and die suddenly, and the symptoms
may occur all at the same time. The disease is a virus, so there is no treatment, but
it may be prevented through vaccination of all birds including chicks from two
weeks of age.

Avian Influenza (AI)
Found naturally in ducks and other waterfowl, and may spread as a
highly contagious and potentially dangerous form to chickens. High flock mortality,
blue and swollen comb and wattles. Infects through contaminated feed and drinking
water from ponds. The disease is a virus, so there is no treatment. Best prevention
is strict hygiene and slaughter of sick birds. AI can presently NOT be prevented
through vaccination of birds. Culling and burning of all birds in the flock and strict
cleaning of chicken houses must be considered after a disease outbreak. Always call
a veterinarian, if you suspect an AI outbreak.
*Do not eat infected birds.

Fowl pox
Often seen in young chicks, but also in adults, and shows as pocks (small lumps)
on wattles, comb and face. High body temperature, tiredness followed by sudden
death. The disease is common during dry seasons, but may be found all year
around. The disease is a virus, so there is no treatment. Vaccine is available and
highly effective.

Marek´s disease
Seen only in birds older than 16 weeks. Initially the birds may show paralysis of one
or both wings. Or one or both legs might be paralysed. The disease is a virus, so
there is no treatment, but commercial vaccines are available.

E. coli infection
Common among newly hatched chicks, causing infection in the stomach region.
Symptoms in older birds: Respiratory distress or infection in the egg organ with stop
of egg production. The best prevention is improved hygiene of eggs for hatching
and of the nests. Treatment of sick chicks might be possible with antibiotics.

Fowl cholera (pasteurellosis)
May occur any time in all ages. Symptoms are severe diarrhoea, respiratory
symptoms, loss of appetite, blue combs and wattles. May occur as a chronic disease
or hit as sudden death. Infection through contaminated feed and drinking water.
There is no treatment. Best prevention is strict hygiene and vaccination.

*Kill and burn affected birds. Vaccine is usually available.

Pullorum disease (Baciillary white diarrhoea)
Usually in young chicks. Chicks walk with difficulty, show big bellies and drag their
wings. Faeces is liquid and turns white. There is no treatment. Prevention is strict
hygiene. If illness occurs, isolate or kill and burn the birds. Disease is transmitted to
chicks from the eggs of infected hens, which may not show signs of being ill.

Fowl typhoid
Usually seen in older birds. Symptoms: high body temperature, tiredness, blue
comb, sudden death. No treatment. Prevention through strict hygiene and culling of
ill hens. Do not buy chicks from unknown sources, and do not use eggs for hatching
from hens that have been ill.

Gumboro (Infectious Bursal Disease, IBD)
Only seen in chicks younger than 6 weeks, and normally only in large flocks kept in
confinement. Not common in small-scale village based systems. Common
symptom: Diarrhoea. The disease is a virus, so there is no treatment. Vaccine is

Infectious coryza
Symptoms: Runny nose, swellings under the eyes, closed eyes, drop in egg
production. Treatment by adding antibiotics in drinking water.

Chronic respiratory disease (Mycoplasmosis)
Symptoms: Runny or blocked nose, swollen face, closed eyes, drop in egg
production, rare deaths. Treatment by adding antibiotics in drinking water.

Coccidiosis (internal parasites)
The disease may occur at any time at all ages, but can be prevented by regular and
careful cleaning of troughs and poultry houses. Symptoms: Sick, tired, head down,
ruffled feathers, bloody diarrhoea. Death in young chicks. If the chicks survive, they
will remain thin and be late in laying. Treatment: Anticoccidiostatics in drinking
water or feed. Prevention: Not too many birds together. Avoid different age groups
of birds in the same house, as the disease may spread from adults to young chicks.

*Diarrhoea may be caused by several diseases, but the looks and colour will differ.

Roundworms and tapeworms (internal parasites)
Internal parasites are very common in all ages in the village based production
systems. These parasites will cause poor health, weight loss, drop in egg
production, and bloody diarrhea. The best treatment is adding anthelmintics in the
drinking water once or twice a year, at best two weeks before vaccination against
Newcastle Disease. Careful hygiene may prevent heavy infection.

External parasites
Attacks all ages any time, but occurs more frequently in humid chicken houses with
bad hygiene. Adult birds are clearly disturbed and spend a lot of time pecking and
polishing feathers. Young chicks may die from anemia. If not treated, mites, lice,
fleas, ticks will cause weight loss and possibly loss of feathers due to the parasites
sucking blood and to skin irritation. Lice can be seen around eyes and nose. Fleas
can be seen on the belly.
Treatment: Spray or dust with pesticides, ashes, and oil.
Ashes and sulphur powder may be used where the hens do dust bathing. Nests may
be protected by putting a few tobacco leaves mixed with ashes in the nests.

Scaly legs
Scaly leg is caused by an external parasite irritating the skin on the birds’ legs.
Symptoms: Legs clearly have scales and wounds and may become crippled in their
appearance. Treatment: Dip the legs daily in kerosene, oil or in an insecticide until
the scales disappear.

Nutritional diseases
Symptoms: Bone deformation and feather loss. The birds walk with difficulty; they
limp. Legs are deformed. Some deficiencies may cause feather loss. Treatment, if
detected in time: Supplementary vitamins and calcium, fresh grass, and cow dung.
Nutritional diseases may be avoided when the birds have access to normal
vegetation and are therefore rare in scavenging chickens.
Nutritional diseases. Feather loss (a) and leg deformation (b)

Mycotoxicosis (fungal poisoning)
Symptoms: Weakness, pale combs. Treatment: Supplementary vitamins. Prevention:
Proper storage of feed to prevent growth of the fungi producing mycotoxins, the
cause of the disease.

Good management = healthy birds

Medication and vaccination
Some diseases may be cured by drugs. Parasitic diseases, such as lice or worms may
be cured by use of anti-parasitic drugs or by applying simple methods such as
baths in oil. Some bacterial diseases causing diarrhoea, may be cured with
antibiotics. For viral diseases there is no treatment. But the viral diseases may often
be prevented by vaccination.
All poultry should be vaccinated against the most common viral disease(s) in the
area. Vaccination schemes at village level should cover Newcastle Disease and Fowl
Pox. Vaccination against Avian Influenza should be avoided, unless recommended
by veterinarian authorities. Other viral diseases such as Gumboro and Marek’s
disease may be covered by vaccination, but they are often less important at village
level. A bacterial disease such as Fowl cholera may also be prevented by vaccination.
Poultry should be vaccinated when they are very young, and before they have begun
to lay eggs. Most young birds that have not been vaccinated do not resist diseases,
and often die.
*Vaccines should only be given to healthy birds. If you vaccinate a sick
bird you may kill the bird.

Anthelmintics against internal parasites should be given two weeks before vaccination, to improve the effect of the vaccine.

Vaccination methods
There are four fundamental ways of vaccinating birds:
1. Eye drops
2. Injections
3. Skin piercing.
4. Orally (in feed or water)
For scavenging poultry, you should avoid mixing vaccines with drinking water or
feed, as it is difficult to give the right dose. Research have shown that protection
against e.g. Newcastle Disease is highly variable if vaccine is given through water or
feed. Giving the right dose is essential for the vaccine to work properly. A too high
dose of a live vaccine may kill a young chick, whereas a too low dose will not give
adequate protection. Thus, it is important to consult a veterinarian or auxiliary
veterinarians (barefoot vets, village vaccinators) for further advice before carrying
out a vaccination.

photos and text
©muoki kioko

Gorges, Kilome

I’ll let the pictures speak to you..




Can’t wait to walk in the trail at the bottom, some 30+ metres below!

Accessible by private car/public means both 2w and 4wd, slightly over 100kms down Mombasa road (tarmac) + 3-4km gravel road.

*Trail closed during wet season s

photos and text
©muoki kioko

Cultural Ambassador – Kilome


Kilome cultural ambassador ©muoki Kioko 2015

photos and text
©muoki kioko

Walking through a forest of tomatoes


Targeting 100,000 tomato plants are a youthful determined to embrace the wholeness of their ancestral land.
Their thinking is very simple, if I can get just 5 tomatoes/plant and sell each at 1/= my home basics are sorted – even children going to boarding!
Challenged by fellow tribesman with cows doing 60ltrs/day from the “unproductive/dry” land as they kept being told as they grew up. They are now asking why others shouldn’t be visiting their “dry land” Makueni to learn productivity.

While everything else turns crisp brown they are determined to have green forests of crops on each of their age mates ancestral land. Meanwhile their younger siblings are having a field day learning to turn that produce to products they normally buy.

photos and text
©muoki kioko

Inside kilome: The Art of digging up cassava


Don’t dig up that way, you’ll spoil the harvest!
Cassava harvesting is a skill. Starting from how to identify if it has a ready tuber for harvesting to which direction it runs and finally remembering it’s part of a root system that intertwines – how do I dig it up without damaging the other growing roots!
At times the root you require is growing downwards or under roots not fully developed, how do you harvest this root without damaging the younger roots?

This month visit and learn this cassava skill passed down generations in a cultural experience

photos and text
©muoki kioko

Conferencing in Kilome


Need  for conferencing within one hour of Nairobi’s – Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, but out of the City?
Kilome  offers a number of conferencing opportunities from small groups to groups of upto 100.
Amoung them is this one who’s gardens offer opportunities to view Kilimanjaro in the evenings and early mornings.
To book  +254717950722

Activities while here include swimming,, hiking, cultural visits, ..

Text & Images
©Muoki Kioko 2009-2015
All rights reserved.

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‘Woof’ spiders of kilome


‘Woof’ is the name I’ve given this spider because of it’s dog like features. It is part of a collection of spiders I’ve captured that have features similar to objects or animals we are familiar with.
The other very interesting one was one with a cat like face, which i could not trace at the time of this upload. All in all i appreciate if any of you know its scientific name for Id’ing purposes

Text & Images
©Muoki Kioko 2009-2015
All rights reserved.

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