Livestock Feeds

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Grasses of kilome © muoki kioko 2016

PASTURE
Brachiaria brizantha (Signal grass)
Brachiaria decumbens
Brachiaria milliformis
Brachiaria mutica (Para grass, Water grass)
Brachiaria ruziziensis (Ruzi grass)
Cenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)
Cynodon species
Dactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)
Digitaria decubens (Pangola grass)
Panicum maximum (Guinea grass)
Panicum maximum (Hamil grass)
Paspalum plicatulum
Urvillei
Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuya grass)
Setaria sphacelata
Tripsacum laxum (Gautamala grass) etc.

LEGUMES
Centrosema pubescens
Desmodium intortum (Green leaf desmodium)
Desmodium uncinatum (Silver leaf desmodium)
Dolichos axillaris
Dolichos lab lab (lab lab bean)
Gliricidia maculata
Glicine javanica
Glicine wightii
Leucaena leucocephala (ipil-ipil)
Phaseolus atropurpureous(Siratro)
Pueraria phaseo-loides (Tropical Kudzu)
Stylosanthes guyanensis (Cook stylo)
Stylosanthes hamata
Stylosanthes humilis (Townsville lucerne)
Styzolobium atterimum (Velvet bean)
Trifolium pratense (Red clover)
Trifolium repens (White clover)
Trifolium rupellianum (African clover)
Trifolium semipilosum (Kenya white clover).

FODDERS
Some of the varieties listed under pastures and
legumes can also be used as fodders, e.g.
Brachiaria ruziziensis
Panicum varieties
Paspulum varieties
Glyricidia
Leucaena etc.
Some varieties that are used mainly as fodders are:
Pennisetum purpureum (Napier grass or Elephant grass) and its newly developed hybrids such as:
“NB 21” or “Poosa Giant Napier”
Fodder maize varieties
Newly developed hybrids
Fodder sorghum varieties
Newly developed hybrids etc.

adapted from Food & Agriculture organization (FAO)

photos and text
©muoki kioko
2009-2016
email:muokikioko@gmail.com

Sultan’s landing bay

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Emirates landing bay ©muokikioko 2016

photos and text
©muoki kioko
2009-2016
email:muokikioko@gmail.com

There’s more than enough for ALL!

Stop telling people, is saying stop learning something new. Your new knowledge plus past experience is what creates more for humanity. That’s unless you wanted to keep sending a runner to deliver your mail:)
No single farmer can efficiently cater for his/households needs! To be able to create enough tomatoes to satisfy a market plus add value I’ll definitely need to create a team, I’ll need to engage ie pay for professional services and as I develop my line to the next level I’ll needs researchers!
Inefficiencies create contracted/diminished services and markets serving only one individuals interests. Those from East Africa remember the old telephone services, one player you had to beg for services ie with the engine of a train but acting like a bicycle – yes 50,000 jobs gone. However mobile telephony that replaced it created 100,000s of new jobs while creating better services..
The other day I received a mail about a monk that asked his apprentice to push over a cliff a poor families only asset (a weak cow that hardly gave 1ltr milk). Mean?
When the apprentice returned a few months later he found a prosperous family. What had happened? That family didn’t realize what they had until what they thought they had was taken away did they realise they had been sitting on much bigger unutilized assets ALL along.
So when information is posted here about chicken feed making does it kill jobs/peoples income ie chicken feed manufacture industry?

Let’s do the maths:

20million chicken × just 35grams daily = 7million kgs of feed daily ie 140,000 bags of feed daily.

– now 20 million chicken will ONLY feed ½ our population white meat protein for just 4 days in a year. What of the other 361 days?

– who has the capacity to produce 140,000 50kg bags of feed daily ie 1.6 bags per second just to cater for available birds!?
– If they were 100 producers each would have to produce 1bag every minute for 24hrs just to service the 20million birds

– who has the single capability to produce enough of each ingredient daily!?

-Are people even aware of how much of each ingredient is daily required to service the 140,000 bird’s!? Do our farmers even have the capacity!? Then we complain when the farmer relative keeps asking us for handouts while he’s not servicing an industry – a capacity he has at hand.

The information again provided is already in public domain created by your taxes and all it does is give a foundation to begin – doing is something else all together.

I don’t like changes! The gadget your reading this message on created massive changes in peoples sole source of income ie distribution of books and newspapers – throw it away if you are sincere you want to save their source of income.

photos and text
©muoki kioko
2009-2016
email:muokikioko@gmail.com

Eurasian Nightjars journey through kilome

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Eurasian Nightjar in Kilome ©Muoki Kioko 2016

Nightjars to most people are those birds we find on roads at night in remote places.
Eurasian nightjars belong to that group but some winter/spend European winters here in Africa then go back to breed/reproduce in Europe and Asia as the name suggests and ‘March’ – ‘April’ is the season they return North to breed, like this one photographed above in Kilome.

Eurasian nightjars travel south into Africa all the way to southern Africa between the months of sept-oct when winter season has set in on their breeding grounds in Europe and Asia generally preferring savanna and woodland habitats that include Acacia woodlands while in Africa.

A unique characteristic of this nightjar Unlike others is it roosts/rests lengthways on tree branches in the day

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Photo credit: Trevor Hardaker

Other nightjars seen in kilome include the Nubian nightjar, dusky nightjar and montane nightjar

photos and text
©muoki kioko
2009-2016
email:muokikioko@gmail.com

Snow in the skies..

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I was talking to a friend the other day and something caught my attention from behind them:
“a strangely shaped solo cloud”
or so I thought, but it had a flat top. Appearing above mature 30-40 year old eucalyptus trees my eyes kept shifting between my friend and this “cloud” until they turned, looked and asked..
“kwani u’ve never seen Kilimanjaro”?
I was looking at “the worlds highest free standing snow”
Then I remembered the description ‘worlds highest free standing mountain’. It’s height makes the top stick out somewhere in the middle of the skies especially when the slopes are not visible.

photos and text
©muoki kioko
2009-2016
email:muokikioko@gmail.com

Watching Sirius (the skies brightest star) from kilome

Kilome is just south of the Equator in Africa, and having no bright human lights around it makes ‘star gazing’ and star photography superb!
It’s end of march and the moon is overhead early morning

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Moon @ 8am today 29/03/2016 ©muokikioko2016

This was taken today just after 8am and the crater’s on the moon were pretty clear!
However just after sunset by 7pm stars are very clearly visible, and when you look directly overhead at that early hour you will see a set of ‘3’ stars (same size and brightness) running in a straight line: follow the line leftwards/southwards while approximating 8× the 3stars – you shall notice an unmisable bright star to the naked eye. That star is called ‘Sirius’
Sirius is the worlds brightest star

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Sirius as seen from kilome ©muokikioko2016

Here you can see it with 3 other stars, the lowest just fading off.

mythology about name:
Mythology or The early stargazers might have imagined that Sirius and the sun caused the hot weather, or dog days.
Sirius has been known since ancient times, and its name signified its nature as “scorching” or “sparkling.” It was associated with the Egyptian god Osiris and other gods. Ancient Egyptians noted that Sirius rose just before the sun each year immediately prior to the annual flooding of the Nile River. Although the floods could bring destruction, they also brought new soil and new life. Fittingly, Osiris, whom Sirius may have represented, was a god of life, death, fertility and rebirth of plant life along the Nile.

Science:
The only things that outshine Sirius in the skies are the sun, moon, planets Venus, Jupiter, and at times mercury and mars.
At about 8.6 light years away from earth (a light year is 6million miles), It’s said to have a surface area about double that of the sun and a surface temperature of about 9400°c verses the suns 5500°c.

An interesting observation from here Kilome was that as I reduced the amount of light captured to hopefully capture more details like those on the Moon above i noted

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the smaller stars turned red in colour and eventually ‘Sirius’ too had an orange red glow to it.

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Sirius with red glow ©muokikioko2016


Above is Sirius, and below are
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Star details of smaller stars ©muokikioko2016


details around the lower two (2) stars

photos and text
©muoki kioko
2009-2016
email:muokikioko@gmail.com

Easter with family

What is your easter tradition!? Here easter means an opportunity for family member’s to meet up together, including those who stay far away.

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Musenyas kitchen ©muokikioko 2016

Part of the getting together is the feast and the many hours spent by sisters in the kitchen especially making ‘chapatti’.
Some of them stand out for the meal is not a meal until you’ve tasted their chapati’s, like this sister above who’s golden brown chapati’s  ‘peeeel off’ in layers! mmm yummy
They are so popular that people leave free food including home food to buy her chapo’s. Next time you’re in Kilome, ask for musenya’s . oh, and yes she makes full meals (equally as tasty).
Perhaps what she had to say speaks something about her foods

Quote
“I’m not willing to give anyone inferior quality foods than what I’d cook for my own family’s table”

…how did you spend your easter, what is your families easter tradition?

photos and text
©muoki kioko
2009-2016
email:muokikioko@gmail.com

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